At LUXZIUM, we fundamentally like large problems that are amenable to technological disruption. We seek out defensible advantages: proprietary and protected technological advances, business model innovations, and unique partnerships. Most importantly, we invest in “A” teams and founders with a demonstrable history of development/traction. We invest more in people than in a specific plan, because plans often change.


Wyoming may hold the key to the rare earth minerals trade war with China

Wyoming is best known for its picturesque views and towering mountain ranges, but if Randy Scott has his way, it’ll become famous for something else: rare earth minerals. These resources have been in the spotlight since China, the country that dominates global supply, threatened in May to cut off supply to the U.S. as part of the U.S.–China trade war.

Since 2011, when Scott became the president and CEO of Littleton, Colorado-based Rare Earth Resources, the veteran mining executive and metallurgical engineer has been trying to get a massive stash of rare earth — a metallic element that’s used in cellphones, electric vehicle batteries, fluorescent lights, defense, clean energy and much more — out of Bear Lodge, a small mountain range tucked away in the northeast corner of the state, about 40 miles from South Dakota’s border.


About MNvest

MNvest is a Minnesota law permitting investment crowdfunding, a new way to fund Minnesota's growing businesses. Similar to reward-based crowdfunding sites (like Kickstarter), MNvest enables Minnesota businesses to legally advertise investment opportunities to all Minnesota residents.


A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that is secured by cryptography, which makes it nearly impossible to counterfeit or double-spend. Many cryptocurrencies are decentralized networks based on blockchain technology—a distributed ledger enforced by a disparate network of computers.


Is a Permanent Magnet motor Feasible? Yes, there are billions of them in use all over the world

Is it possible to make a “motor” that uses permanent magnets only? NO. A MOTOR, as the dictionary describes, “is a machine that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy.” In another words, the electrical energy is a “battery” and the mechanical energy is the “rotation.”  





Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a pinkish-orange color

A new way of extracting copper

Researchers develop an electrically-driven process to separate commercially important metals from sulfide minerals in one step without harmful byproducts.

MIT researchers have identified the proper temperature and chemical mixture to selectively separate pure copper and other metallic trace elements from sulfur-based minerals using molten electrolysis. This one-step, environmentally friendly process simplifies metal production and eliminates the toxic byproducts such as sulfur dioxide.

Postdoc Sulata K. Sahu and PhD student Brian J. Chmielowiec ’12 decomposed sulfur-rich minerals into pure sulfur and extracted three different metals at very high purity: copper, molybdenum, and rhenium. They also quantified the amount of energy needed to run the extraction process.

Copper (Cu), chemical element, a reddish, extremely ductile metal of Group 11 (Ib) of the periodic table that is an unusually good conductor of electricity and heat. Copper is found in the free metallic state in nature. This native copper was first used (c. 8000 bce) as a substitute for stone by Neolithic (New Stone Age) humans. Metallurgy dawned in Mesopotamia as copper was cast to shape in molds (c. 4000 bce), was reduced to metal from ores with fire and charcoal, and was intentionally alloyed with tin as bronze (c. 3500 bce). The Roman supply of copper came almost entirely from Cyprus. It was known as aes Cyprium, “metal of Cyprus,” shortened to cyprium and later corrupted to cuprum. See also bronze.

Copper price hits eight-year high on US stimulus hopes

Metal prices rose again on Tuesday with investors weighing prospects for a fast-tracked stimulus package in the US.

Global Copper Market Overview 2020

Copper Market Size

In 2019, the global copper market increased by X% to $X, rising for the fourth consecutive year after four years of decline. Over the period under review, the total consumption indicated a temperate expansion from 2007 to 2019: its value increased at an average annual rate of +X% over the last twelve years. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticeable fluctuations being recorded throughout the analyzed period. Based on 2019 figures, consumption increased by +X% against 2015 indices. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2017 with an increase of X% y-o-y. Global consumption peaked in 2019 and is likely to continue growth in the immediate term.

Copper Production

In value terms, copper production amounted to $X in 2019 estimated in export prices. The total output value increased at an average annual rate of +X% over the period from 2007 to 2019; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with somewhat noticeable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2010 with an increase of X% year-to-year. Global production peaked in 2019 and is expected to retain growth in the near future.


Copper demand in China is expected to grow considerably over the coming decades, driving energy use and environmental impacts related to copper production. To explore the environmental impacts of copper production in China, we used a variant of Life Cycle Sustainability Analysis that combined the Life Cycle Assessment methodology with the Chinese copper demand projections from 2010 to 2050. The results indicate that the environmental impacts of pyrometallurgical copper production are expected to increase more than twofold during this period and remain the largest contributor to the environmental footprint. Secondary copper production emits the least pollutions. Increasing the share of secondary copper production is the most environmental friendly option for copper production. To this end, China may focus on improving the classification of waste copper products and recycling infrastructure for end-of-life management. Hard coal use and production are crucial contributors to climate change in the context of copper production. Cleaning up copper production processes and improving energy efficiency would also help reduce environmental impacts. Energy transition can significantly reduce the environmental impacts of copper production, but it also can increase copper requirement.It does not visibly contribute to reduce human toxicity as well.